авг 22, 2019

Unmanned Indian ship Chandrayaan-2 enters orbit of the moon and maintains landing plans.

The Indian lunar mission intends to land a vehicle on the lunar surface for the first time. India could become the fourth country to land on the moon.


Last July there was a false departure of Chandrayaan-2, the Indian government's space mission to the Moon, with the cancellation of the take-off less than one hour after the planned time. The mission resumed on July 22, with a new chance for a successful launch, aboard the Indian rocket GSLV MK-III. The Indian Department of Space is now advancing with the announcement that the vehicle is already in lunar orbit, preparing for the next phase of landing.

The mission, considered India's most ambitious, consists of the launch of a 3.8-ton ship to carry a rover called Pragyan for exploration of the lunar surface and a lander designated by Vikram to ensure that the machine arrives safely on the ground. It is expected that during its lifetime (about two weeks), the small machine will travel some 500 metres, communicating with a module that will be in orbit for a year.

If it succeeds, India becomes the fourth country to make a landing, after Russia, the United States and China. In addition, it could be the first mission to reach the south pole of the Moon, a poorly explored area of the satellite. India's first lunar mission took place in 2008 and helped confirm the presence of water on the moon, although it did not land on the moon's surface. If all goes according to plan with Chandrayaan-2, India intends to launch a manned mission to the Moon in 2022.

The arrival of the Vikram lander on lunar soil is scheduled for 7 September. Over the next few weeks, the ship carrying the vehicles will continue to approach the Moon, lowering its altitude, firing its thrusters.