Culture & Art

Jul 1, 2015

Weaves of cotton

Pakistan is today one of the main producers of textiles in the world, accounting for about 9 % of the textile needs, producing several types of textile products: cotton spinning (yarn), cotton weaving (cloth), cotton fabric, home textiles, fabric processing, hosiery, towels and knitwear and apparels.

<

From as far back as 3000 BCE, there have been discoveries of woven and dyed cottons in Pakistan. There's a very old tradition in cotton, mainly because it is a very common plant in the country.

Today, the textile industry is the major export in Pakistan. With hundreds of factories spread, the main product of the country is exported mostly to United States, United Kingdom, China, Germany and Bangladesh, accounting for almost 60 percent of Pakistan's exports.

Because fabric is this huge part of Pakistan's economy, cotton ends up pairing with it, with over 1 million cotton farmers and around 3 million hectares of cotton farming. Since 194, cotton – bales went from 1.1 million bales to 10 million bales by 2000.

Number of mills increased from 3 to 600 and spindles from about 177,000 to 805 million similarly looms and finishing units increased. The planting season takes place from February to June and the harvest from August to December and the major cotton producing areas are Punjab, accounting for about 80 percent of total production and Sindh, with 20% of production. This cotton goes on to be processed and transformed into cotton yarn, cotton cloth, and made-up textiles and apparel.

The fabric begins to grow

In the 1950's and 60's, after Pakistan became independent in 1947, there was a sudden crescent of looming and spinning factories, rising up to 300 000, creating the necessity of a proportional number of processing units for dyeing, printing, bleaching, finishing, packing and packaging: the unorganized power loom sector was mass-producing raw-fabrics. It was a granted opportunity for entrepreneurs and pioneers of the processing sector, who jumped in and drove the country to be self-sufficient in dress and apparel, while quality fabrics were exported to the international market.

Today, the textile industry comprises nearly half of country's manufacturing and almost 40 percent of the country's labor force. And it is still growing. Recently, the government implemented the Textiles Policy 2014-19, which aims to not only set out a development road map but to provide necessary support without which accelerated progress of textiles in Pakistan is not possible. 

NTU

Al of this history of textiles, gave the country the opportunity to create the National Textile University. 

In 1954, a group of visionaries imagined a Textile Institute that could be world famous. The government of Punjab and the leading textile industrialists united to form the Institute of Textile Technology in Faisalabad (then Lyallpur). Kohinoor Industries, Colony Textile Mills, Dawood Foundation and Lyallpur Cotton Mills provided funds for the construction of building and provision of other infrastructures. The Government of U.K. provided equipment and machinery, as well as experts in the field, and on the 12th of October 1959, the foundation stone of the Institute was set. In 1965, the Institute was granted affiliation by the University Of Engineering & Technology, Lahore, and it was renamed as "National College of Textile Engineering". In 1966, the first graduate engineers of the school finished their courses.

The President of Pakistan is the Chancellor of the University. Ever since its inception, National Textile University has been the premier Institute of textile education in the country, meeting the technical and managerial human resource needs of almost entire textile industry of Pakistan. It always retained a close relationship with the industry and industrialists.

The aim is to develop the Textile Industry and Human Resources of Pakistan and make Pakistan an active player in the world economy. The University also aims to collaborate with industry, produce high quality research and provide excellent educational services, as well as launching and establishing facilities for postgraduate studies in textile and allied fields.

NTU programs are designed so that every activity enhances student learning, individual development, ability to think analytically and problem solving approach, with several faculties divided into departments offer courses in miscellaneous areas, all textile related: 

The Faculty of engineering and technology - Department of Yarn manufacturing; Department of weaving; Department of knitting; Department of textile processing; Department of garment manufacturing; Department of polymer engineering;
Department of materials and testing. 

The Faculty of Science: Department of applied sciences; Department of computer science.

The Faculty of Management Sciences: Department of business administration; Department of textile management. 

Finally, the Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences comprises the Department of humanities & social sciences, Department of textile design and Department of fashion design.

The goal of the University is to contribute to country's already enormous textile industry with specialized workers in various areas, helping the business thrive with formed and experienced professionals that can actually make it work in the different areas.


More Articles

FeaturedArticles

  • 1

    Science & Nature

    Oct 4, 2018

    CITY TREE

    "Urban pollution is an enormous problem in many cities around the world, and poor air quality can mean an increase in chronic conditions like asthma, while also making it difficult for people to walk, bike or enjoy the outdoors."

    ...

  • scribit1

    Home & Design

    Sep 28, 2018

    SCRIBIT

    Your space to your liking

    A couple of years ago, the architecture and design studio Carlo Ratti Associati (CRA) has introduced a system in which a paint spray robot was used to draw images on flat surfaces, including...

  • AR-170519548

    Business & Industry

    Jul 1, 2017

    GROWING AGAIN

    And again, and again into the sea. Dubai doesn't stop amazing the world with its luxury hotels and lifestyle. But also with the millionaire investments to make the country grow.


  • #Formato_Certo_para_Site_YVP_Imagens

    Home & Design

    Oct 17, 2018

    LEGO PLANTS FROM PLANTS

    "Last March, Lego announced that it will produce the brand, using plant-based plastic in a movement to use sustainable materials in most products and packaging until 2030."

  • 1

    Science & Nature

    Oct 3, 2018

    SPROUT PENCIL

    What happens with a wood pencil after being used? Usually, we throw it to the trash. But, what if it was possible to increase its lifetime, even after there is nothing more left that allows to be used?

  • 310

    Technology

    Aug 1, 2017

    THE KING OF HOME SECURITY

    The world is not, in any way, a safe place. Whether you live in a 12th floor apartment or a big villa in the countryside, you will feel much more secure after installing one of these.


  • 1

    Lifestyle & Travel

    Jul 1, 2015

    Always innovative, always new

    Novotel is on a class of its own, combining excellent service and facilities with optimal prices and locations all around the world. From urban hotels to exquisite resorts, Novotel is a worldwide reference for all clients.

  • Mobilka

    Technology

    Dec 1, 2014

    Go Mobile

    With mobilka.de you can make mobile international calls affordable, without submitting to any obligations or contracts.

  • fb1

    Luxury & Fashion

    Jul 1, 2015

    Quintessentialy British

    As one of the famous fashion streets in London, England, Jermyn Street is one of the places to go if you want high quality clothes for men. Today there is more than garments on Jermyn Street. Hotels, restaurants and a myriad of services...