Food & Beverage

Sep 1, 2015

Versatile Sunflower

Sunflower seeds are the gift of the beautiful sunflower that has rays of petals emanating from its bright yellow, seed-studded center.

<

The flower produces grayish-green or black seeds encased in tear-dropped shaped gray or black shells that oftentimes feature black and white stripes. Since these seeds have a very high oil content, they are one of the main sources of polyunsaturated oil. 

Major Products

There are three types of sunflower oil available; Mid-Oleic Linoleic and High Oleic sunflower oil. All are developed with standard breeding techniques. They differ in oleic levels and each one offers unique properties. With three types of sunflower oil available, sunflower oil meets the needs of consumer and food manufacturers alike for a healthy and high performance non-transgenic vegetable oil.

Confection sunflower seeds are normally black with white stripes and provide consumers with in-shell seeds and kernel. In-shell means the seed is left intact with the "meat" of the seed still in the shell. It is normally roasted and seasoned. It is eaten as a snack by cracking the shell with one's teeth, discarding the hull and eating the delicious morsel within. 'Chew and spit' is a great American pastime, especially at baseball games and other outdoor events. Kernel means the processor has mechanically removed the hull. The resulting kernel is now in a convenient form to be sold raw or roasted for snacking or as an ingredient.

History

While sunflowers are thought to have originated in Mexico and Peru, they are one of the first plants to ever be cultivated in the United States. They have been used for more than 5,000 years by the Native Americans, who not only used the seeds as a food and an oil source, but also used the flowers, roots and stems for varied purposes including as a dye pigment. The Spanish explorers brought sunflowers back to Europe, and after being first grown in Spain, they were subsequently introduced to other neighboring countries. Currently, sunflower oil is one of the most popular oils in the world. Today, the leading commercial producers of sunflower seeds include the Russian Federation, Peru, Argentina, Spain, France and China.

More Articles

FeaturedArticles

  • AdobeStock_112601508

    Research & Education

    Jun 1, 2017

    Bicycle trails that shine Bicycle trails that shine

    Until relatively recently the materials that glow in the dark had no further functions beyond decorative pleasure. But the luminescence has been conquering more utilitarian applications and today, literally, it is in the streets.

    ...

  • 1

    Lifestyle & Travel

    Oct 29, 2018

    AUBERGE CAFÉ DU SUD

    "On these modern times, adventure tourism in exotic far away places became exotic, but on Southeast Morocco there is a small oasis amongst the dunes that will delight even the most otiose and adventure hostile tourist."

  • Depositphotos_96937952_xl-2015

    Luxury & Fashion

    Apr 1, 2017

    CAMEL WOOL - FROM HOT TO HOTTER

    If you already felt the chill when looking at the price of a camel wool coat, just think of the comfort such investment can bring you in the coldest nights. Camel wool is a soft, cute, comfortable warm and breathable fabric.

    ...


  • 74578418-4108-11e8-ab09-36e8e67fb996_1320x770_081421

    Research & Education

    May 31, 2018

    THE WOMAN BEHIND THE MAN

    Woman and mother of two presidents of the United States, Barbara Bush had a fundamental role in his family, in America and in the world

  • Diane-Van-Furstenberg-10099DVFSVABB_A1

    Luxury & Fashion

    Apr 1, 2017

    THE WORLD IN COLLANTS

    Straight, with laces, balls or lace, torn, net, shiny, opaque or transparent, with or without suspenders, to rest, push up or special for pregnant women, tights today are an indispensable garment that stands out in fashion shows...

  • 1. Technology-Remarkable-Your Paper, Digital

    Technology

    Feb 1, 2018

    YOUR PAPER, DIGITAL

    We all got used to, since school and university age, take notes on paper. Whether in conferences, business meetings or workshops, it was almost ubiquitous the use of notes books in several shapes and formats, since the pocket ones...


  • 01

    Luxury & Fashion

    Jan 1, 2017

    WATERPROOF PANTS

    VEAR has developed waterproof pants inspired by the Scandinavian climate and those who practice outdoor sports.

  • Carnival

    Lifestyle & Travel

    Feb 1, 2015

    The Best Parties in the World

    Carnival is a worldwide phenomenon, an outburst of tradition and joy that engulfs locals while providing photogenic entertainment for travelers lucky enough to crash the party.

  • 2

    Technology

    Aug 1, 2015

    Perfect listening

    It's a well-known fact that everybody hears differently. Like our eyes, nose, mouth and all our sensory organs, not all ears are built the same.

    But your audio equipment has no way of knowing just exactly "how differently" you...