Стиль жизнь & Путешествия
фев 1, 2018
TOURISM SAVES ANIMALS
Africa is one of the best places in the world to observe the wildlife. The continent presents species that no longer exist in no other continent of the world. Speaking in Africa reports us to the world of safaris and animals, messing with anyone's imagination.
By ALFREDO MIRANDA
Who doesn't imagine himself inside a jeep, following a trail, wearing green clothes, boots, vest and that characteristic hood? A great adventure!
Safaris are one of the biggest attractions in the world, accounting for approximately 7% of gross domestic product (GDP) of countries such as South Africa, employs around 3% of the South African population and contributes to the preservation of various species that are in the process of being extinct.
On the sidewalks, tourists can go into private hunting reserves, in addition to experience elements of wildlife, observe animals such as the lion, leopard, buffalo, elephant and rhinoceros.
Booming, the safaris are thus a source of revenue for different African countries, where there are national parks. For that reason, Mozambique received 3,108 animals for their nature conservation areas, hoping to make these areas more attractive for tourists.
Maputo special reserve (REM) and the Zinave National Park (ZNP) received, in 2017, 3,108 animals, representing 66% of predicted, referring to the National Administration of conservation areas of Mozambique (ANAC).
The REM received 2,325 animals, of which 1,162 of Big Game Park of Swaziland, 251 Ezemvelo reserve, South Africa, and the remainder of the Gorongosa National Park. The ZNP, located in Inhambane province, southern Mozambique, received 783 animals, including 51 impalas and two elephants in Zimbabwe, 387 waterbuck and 93 changos of the Gorongosa National Park, and 250 buffalos from the National reserve of Marromeu (RNM).
In its place, the Official Game Reserve No. 9, in the Macossa district, Manica province, received a total of 200 buffalos from RNM.
"This translocation operation constitutes a milestone for being the largest the country has accomplished, and the fact that the PNG and the RNM have moved some wildlife species for other conservation areas", refer those responsible to the Park.
The ANAC expects the placement of more animals to turn conservation areas more attractive to tourism, mobilizing more investment in the sector.
The Etosha National Park (Namibia) is very dry, having some permanent natural springs, fed by underground water reserves. These are currently some artificial water sources where water is pumped from underground. Both ones and the others are the salvation of animal life and allows their fixing in a so arid area. The geography and morphology of the Park is the reason of its worldwide fame and its unique character, even with regard to the observation of animal life. This is because the aridity of the land and the shortage of water causes the animals of different species, gather in the same restricted area and accessible to photo objectives of tourists.
The Chobe National Park has a reduced area, being only the third in size in Botswana, but encloses the greatest diversity of animal life in the country and the largest concentration of elephants in Africa, with over 50,000 individuals. In addition to these, there are populations of leopards, lions, giraffes, rhinos, buffalos, hippos, etc.
The great wildebeest migration in the Masai Mara and the Serengeti (both in Kenya) is one of the highlights of any trip to this savannah and led UNESCO to classify it a world heritage site. The wildebeests move on the Savannah of the Serengeti throughout the year, South in rainy season and North in the dry season. In this migration, the wildebeest are accompanied by various animals, particularly gazelles and zebras. But, the wildebeest are at the bottom of the food chain of the savanna and, as such, are the "main course" of predators: lions, leopards, cheetahs and hyenas. This makes almost all the animals in the Masai Mara follow the wildebeest migration, some in search of greener pastures, others in search of more protein food.
The South Luangwa National Park (Zambia) covers an area of about 9,000 km2, but the floodplains and the banks of the Luangwa River are the most popular among visitors, as the waters attract large animals and predators. The dry season lasts from April until October, and the more propitious time to the observation of wildlife is from June to October, the latter being the hottest month of the year, with the greatest concentration of animals. The Luangwa River is one of the last great rivers of Africa that remains virtually unchanged by human activity. It is known for having what is probably the largest population of hippos in the world, and in its Valley concentrates some national parks with excellent conditions for observing wildlife.
BILLIONS IN BIRD WATCHING
Bird watching, in addition to save species, moves billions around the world, being a kind of tourism where every citizen becomes a kind of amateur scientist and can even help save species.
Next to Nasa in Florida, USA, who's watching the sky isn't necessarily looking for the lift off of a space shuttle, they're watching the birds that fly over the NASA facilities.
People will drive to observe wildlife, birds and other animals and do it from the comfort of their cars. It has a lot to do with the culture of the automobile in the United States, but is also a civilized, comfortable and safe way to do birdwatching in the middle of nature.
In the United States, more than 47 million people watch birds. Is a super-business, which generates more than 600,000 jobs and moves almost USD $106 billion annually, the triple of what many countries spend on health.
Trade fairs as one that happens in Titusville, Florida, gather many bird watchers and those who invoice with them. Peruvians, Ecuadorians, Colombians, Portuguese, Texans, each one trying to sell his bird.