Food & Beverage

Apr 1, 2017

BREAKFAST - START THE DAY EATING

Breakfast benefits to health have not been consensual throughout history, and even today it is discussed what kind of food should be eaten in the morning and whether or not these should be dependent on physical or intellectual activity. The variation of food in this meal is not only linked to local agricultural specificities but also to beliefs and habits. 

We have all heard that breakfast is the most important meal of the day. But it was not always so. Eating habits have changed throughout history, framed by changes in other social activities. The history of breakfast is intimately related to sleep, work habits and obviously is also related to the historical variation of agricultural, commercial or economic production.

The original term breakfast, or breaking of the fast, is applied in most European languages. For example, in French Déjeuner, or in Spanish desayuno.

Although our eating habits are influenced by biological rhythms such as the number of hours of sleep or the type of activity performed throughout the day, they are also determined by the type of food obtained. Until the agricultural revolution, or Neolithic, the hunter-gatherer man was subject to the food that existed around him and the hours of eating were determined by the opportunities at his disposal.

With the development of agriculture and the sedentary lifestyle, the first traces of the moments of daily feeding begin to appear. The Neolithic implied not only changes in the type of food available, caused by domestication of animals, consumption of milk and cereals, but also altered the organization of work and its daily periods. So, the Egyptians, for example, consumed in the morning, after waking and before going to work the fields, bread and beer. Beer is also the favorite drink for the breakfast of the poor in the middle ages, as Heather Arndt Anderson tells us in her breakfast story.

In Greece, the Iliad of Homer contains several references to ariston, a meal taken not long after sunrise by the workers and, later, came mention of the akratisma also taken in the same period, which consisted of bread soaked in wine, olives and figs. The Romans called it jentaculum and, beyond bread and olives, it contained raisins, nuts, and remnants of meat from the previous meal. Already the soldiers took the pulmentus, which was a kind of cereal porridge.

During the medieval period and until the XIV century breakfast was only taken by workers, children, and old or infirm, who ate cereal porridge with milk or water and, as was already mentioned, beer and bread. At this time the church considered that eating in the morning was synonymous with gluttony and, therefore, sin. It was also a sign that lower status, poor and hardworking. There was no shortage of wise advice that linked health problems to food consumption in the morning. From the year 1500 onwards we can find in the literature several records that testify the resumption of this food habit.

With the discoveries and at the height of mercantilism, new types of food, mainly beverages, were "inserted" in Europe. Tea, coffee, and chocolate became so much a part of the breakfast of the courts and the bourgeoisie that, Cardinal Brancaccio, declared in 1662, that the drinks did not violate the fast.  

More Articles

FeaturedArticles

  • birk_pillow_1024x1024

    Home & Design

    Jun 1, 2017

    A swing that helps maintain balance

    The balance of the human body is achieved through communication between different parts of the body, the eyes, the vestibular system of the ear and the joints and muscles, when each part works properly the balance system allows us...

  • AdobeStock_29464033 b

    Business & Industry

    Mar 1, 2017

    MIRO FORESTRY COMPANY - WOOD, ECOLOGICAL WEALTH

    The extraction sustainability through renewal, the relation between cost, quality and use, makes wood, as a raw material, an odd resource. Its growth in forests is the best way to capture carbon from the atmosphere and return oxygen...

  • 2

    Science & Nature

    Jul 1, 2017

    THE SMART FUTURE

    The age of smart things is threatening to turn many things into "smart-something". And, one of the most important aspects of these transformations, is that the size of these "smart-things" is no longer a limitation.


  • c0b3fe9d8db2be5ec1c3b228963b0131_original

    Mechanics & Locomotion

    Aug 1, 2017

    FREE TO WALK

    Summer is back to the North hemisphere and that means less clothes, more outdoor leisure in beaches and parks, freeing yourself from stifling winter garment and heavy shoes.

  • MokshJewellery002.jpg__1536x0_q75_crop-scale_subsampling-2_upscale-false

    Luxury & Fashion

    Apr 1, 2017

    MOKSH AND KAMYEN - BRIGHTER THAN THE SUN

    Is there any other nation that would so much love adorning their women as peoples of India? From the top of the head, nostrils, forearms, waist, to the toe tips, in an Indian woman's arsenal there are pieces of sophisticated jewellery...

  • Muji-humidifier-kazushige-miyake-1

    Helthcare & Wellness

    Jul 1, 2017

    IMPROVING AIR QUALITY

    In 1876, Willis Haviland Carrier was hired by a printing industry to solve the problems of temperature change in the factory. The American engineer and inventor developed a project that would give rise to the first humidifier and...


  • Gold-mines

    Business & Industry

    Sep 1, 2016

    GOLD MINES FACE NEW CHALLENGES

    Although jewellery is one of the major consumer industries of gold ore, its consumption has grown significantly in the recent decades, thanks to the increasing number of electronic devices and new technologies that transform time...

  • 1

    Culture & Art

    Aug 1, 2015

    Top education

    As Asian powers rise, the University of Tokyo is trying to strengthen its reputation as a globally relevant institute of higher learning. Internationalization is nothing new for the University of Tokyo (UTokyo), although it remains a...

  • 1

    Luxury & Fashion

    Aug 1, 2015

    Haircare and beauty from Germany

    Being one of the top three hair cosmetic brands in the world, Schwarzkopf represents quality, expertise and innovation for more than 115 years, enjoying full trust of consumers as well as professional hair dressers. 


    ...