Food & Beverage

Apr 1, 2017

BREAKFAST - START THE DAY EATING

Breakfast benefits to health have not been consensual throughout history, and even today it is discussed what kind of food should be eaten in the morning and whether or not these should be dependent on physical or intellectual activity. The variation of food in this meal is not only linked to local agricultural specificities but also to beliefs and habits. 

We have all heard that breakfast is the most important meal of the day. But it was not always so. Eating habits have changed throughout history, framed by changes in other social activities. The history of breakfast is intimately related to sleep, work habits and obviously is also related to the historical variation of agricultural, commercial or economic production.

The original term breakfast, or breaking of the fast, is applied in most European languages. For example, in French Déjeuner, or in Spanish desayuno.

Although our eating habits are influenced by biological rhythms such as the number of hours of sleep or the type of activity performed throughout the day, they are also determined by the type of food obtained. Until the agricultural revolution, or Neolithic, the hunter-gatherer man was subject to the food that existed around him and the hours of eating were determined by the opportunities at his disposal.

With the development of agriculture and the sedentary lifestyle, the first traces of the moments of daily feeding begin to appear. The Neolithic implied not only changes in the type of food available, caused by domestication of animals, consumption of milk and cereals, but also altered the organization of work and its daily periods. So, the Egyptians, for example, consumed in the morning, after waking and before going to work the fields, bread and beer. Beer is also the favorite drink for the breakfast of the poor in the middle ages, as Heather Arndt Anderson tells us in her breakfast story.

In Greece, the Iliad of Homer contains several references to ariston, a meal taken not long after sunrise by the workers and, later, came mention of the akratisma also taken in the same period, which consisted of bread soaked in wine, olives and figs. The Romans called it jentaculum and, beyond bread and olives, it contained raisins, nuts, and remnants of meat from the previous meal. Already the soldiers took the pulmentus, which was a kind of cereal porridge.

During the medieval period and until the XIV century breakfast was only taken by workers, children, and old or infirm, who ate cereal porridge with milk or water and, as was already mentioned, beer and bread. At this time the church considered that eating in the morning was synonymous with gluttony and, therefore, sin. It was also a sign that lower status, poor and hardworking. There was no shortage of wise advice that linked health problems to food consumption in the morning. From the year 1500 onwards we can find in the literature several records that testify the resumption of this food habit.

With the discoveries and at the height of mercantilism, new types of food, mainly beverages, were "inserted" in Europe. Tea, coffee, and chocolate became so much a part of the breakfast of the courts and the bourgeoisie that, Cardinal Brancaccio, declared in 1662, that the drinks did not violate the fast.  

More Articles

FeaturedArticles

  • C-B3-T4B

    Lifestyle & Travel

    Apr 1, 2016

    In the Casino World

    The casino business is growing more and more. With new technologies emerging at every turn, it gets hard to keep up with the rhythm of the world, especially one that simply doesn't stop, not even to rest. The ever growing needs of a...

  • Montagem-3-Site

    Technology

    May 26, 2017

    YVP Magazine APP

    Our new APP with the digital edition of the magazine it's already in the Digital Stores.

  • 4

    Business & Industry

    Jul 1, 2015

    You Can Invest in the Business of the Century

    Normally, fuels like gasoline, diesel and other refined products are produced in oil refineries where crude oil is processed and refined. It is unusual to speak about producing such products of other origins. But there are less known...


  • GreengageJellycreditChrisTerryweb_1500_900_85

    Food & Beverage

    Apr 1, 2016

    The Social Network par Excellence

    Imagine the Barajas airport, made at a large scale, of jelly. Now imagine what is possible to do with jelly using hundreds of different moulds. This is the work that distinguishes Bompas & Parr, leaders in design based on taste,...

  • Fertile Uzbekistan

    Food & Beverage

    Feb 29, 2016

    Fertile Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan is a country full of sun and good lands. It remains a culture where vegetables, fruits and leafy greens are mandatory in their table – "dastarkhan", an eating space. In the cold harsh winters, these fruits and vegetables...

  • filigree - the art of working metals (gold, silver, bronze), one of the most traditional Portuguese arts.

    Luxury & Fashion

    Feb 29, 2016

    One day we will go to Viana

    Country of ancient traditions in the art of jewelry, Portugal has a rich heritage of jewelry and precious metals timeless beauty from the Age of Discovery, particularly from the East, in the century XV and Brazil in the XVIII century....


  • 01-Galop-DHermes.nocrop.w710.h2147483647.2x

    Luxury & Fashion

    Jul 1, 2017

    ELEGANT STIRRUP

    The new women's perfume bottle of iconic Galop d'Hermès is inspired by the original, from 1930, for the opening of the first Hermès store in New York, United States. Let's go back almost one century.

  • ApisCor_febr_03

    Technology

    May 1, 2017

    As if by magic

    It looks like a figurative expression: "houses grow like mushrooms", but it will soon become literal. In February, 2017, in Russia, appeared the first house with 38 m2 area. The house grew up within 24 hours in the town of Stupino,...

  • Newspaper-Stack-Trans-1

    Business & Industry

    Dec 1, 2017

    CRAZY FOR NEWSPAPERS

    With the coming of the digital world it was prophesized the end of books, just like with the coming of television predicted the end of cinema, what fortunately did not happen although most traditional neighbourhood or village movie...