Бизнес & промышленность

янв 1, 2018

SPEED UP GLOBALIZATION

The oceans are the main support of the intercontinental transport of freight networks – in particular between Asia and North America, and Asia and Western Europe – contributing decisively to the strengthening of globalization.

<

By ALFREDO MIRANDA

Faced with this reality, the European Union is committed to creating the so-called "motorways of the sea" that will provide greater flexibility in commercial trade.

The European project of the "motorways of the sea" includes four major corridors: through the Baltic Sea (which ensures the connection of the Member States of the Baltic Sea to Central and Western Europe); Western Europe (which ensures the call from Portugal and Spain via the Atlantic Arc to the North Sea and sea of Ireland); South-East Europe (connecting the Adriatic Sea to the Ionian Sea and the Eastern Mediterranean, including Cyprus); Western Mediterranean (linking Spain, France and Italy, including Malta).

The bet on "motorways of the sea" should contribute to encouraging an increase in the carriage of goods by sea rather than the land option. This is about developing quality and regular maritime links between different ports in the Union into a "seamless multimodal logic" to, according to the European Commission, "bypass congestion in road traffic, but also to better integrate the peripheral regions and the islands of the Union". On the other hand, the maritime highways allow the reduction of the downtime of vessels in ports and transport costs, because they facilitate the administrative procedures necessary for the movement of cargo into the sea.

The program "Motorways of the sea" was established by the European Commission, in 2001, on its 'White Book' on transport policy entitled "European Transport Policy for 2010: Time to Decide".

This document expressed the willingness of the Commission to revitalize short sea shipping and to create a European network of connections for this type of transport. In 2004, the concept of "motorways of the sea" was developed in more detail and the institution was presented as a priority project within the framework of the RTE-T program (2007-2013).

The motive behind the assignment of a priority to the project was the potential of short sea shipping in reducing road congestion and improving the accessibility of peripheral and island regions. It was hoped that this development would benefit the cohesion and a dynamic internal market.

Replacements and extensions of the highways, the oceanic highways have as main objective to avoid saturated corridors and provide access to countries separated by sea from the rest of the European Union. This functional definition became valid for both passenger transport and freight transport through the use of specialized vessels or containerized traffic.

Trans-European Network

The latest decisions of the European Commission, in addition to extending to 2020 the horizon time of development projects under the trans-European network, pointing to the tight integration of seaports, inland ports and intermodal terminals, and also for the total interoperability of different transport modes in a true intermodal network.

This way, the rebalancing modes of transport goes through measures that, in addition to the right place for each mode, ensure inter-modality. The big missing link in the chain is the absence of a close link between the sea, inland waterways and rail.

Experience shows that short sea shipping requires effective integrated business benefits. It is important to consider the possibility of bringing all supply chain operators (shippers, ship-owners and other players in the maritime industry, as well as the road, rail and inland waterway carriers) in a single window, which will make the intermodal expedition and maritime transport and inland waterways as reliable, flexible and easy to use as road transport. Only in this way, the sea highways can succeed.

Больше статей

Избранаястатья

  • 15026-americaandrsquos-cup-2017-the-journey-to-bermuda-begins-in-portsmouth

    Спорт

    июн 1, 2017

    Самые Быстрые Яхты

    После 35-летнего первого соревнования в 1851 году на английской земле Бермудские острова стали сценой в 2017 году для Кубка Америки....

  • epo15_Jonkers-0322_9F0C9396E8DC4F75A713C3D05913F5AB

    Наука & Природа

    июн 1, 2017

    ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ СКАЧОК ВПЕРЕД

    Здания и сооружения, которые могут, по магии, полностью регенерировать трещины, вызванные давлением, изменениями температуры...

  • Bradley001

    Бизнес & промышленность

    июл 1, 2017

    Курите это сами

    Неоспоримым фактом является то, что в XXI веке шеф-поварами гастрономии стали новые рок-звезды, нет канала, который не имеет их собственных...


  • c0b3fe9d8db2be5ec1c3b228963b0131_original

    Механика и Передвижение

    авг 1, 2017

    Свободно гулять

    Лето вернулось в северное полушарие, а это означает меньше одежды, больше свободного времени на пляже и сельской местности, избавляясь...

  • 1

    Стиль жизнь & Путешествия

    окт 29, 2018

    AUBERGE CAFÉ DU SUD

    "On these modern times, adventure tourism in exotic far away places became exotic, but on Southeast Morocco there is a small oasis amongst the dunes that will delight even the most otiose and adventure hostile tourist."

  • Tim-Bengel-Schlossplatz-Stuttgart-2015

    Культура & Искусство

    авг 1, 2017

    ЗОЛОТЫЕ ПЕСКИ

    Когда мы достигаем определенного возраста, мы начинаем думать, что мы видели все в жизни. Мы можем даже думать, что нет ничего другого,...


  • New-Year

    Культура & Искусство

    дек 1, 2017

    Начать с правой ноги

    Новый год - это время для возобновления обещаний, составления планов и принятия решений. В окружении символики, дата празднуется...

  • The Glass Experience

    Бизнес & промышленность

    янв 31, 2016

    Стеклянный опыт

    Полувековой опыт производства стекла в Южной Африке компании Consol позволяет ей с гордостью занять положения лидера промышленности....

  • Serenata de Amor - Love Serenade

    Еда & Напитки

    сен 1, 2015

    Сладкая Бразилия

    Garoto является одной из десяти крупнейших шоколадных фабрик в мире, и первой по величине в Латинской Америке. Компания владеет целым...