Technology

May 1, 2016

SAFER PASSPORTS

Digital passports are already in use in more than 70 countries in the world. Its use of biometrics, electronics and radio technologies allows for more security, minimizing the risk of forgery or abusive use.

They are usually called ePassports, or Digital Passports. The system, devised in the 1990s, combines the usual paper booklet with electronics, a microchip, and antenna to create a seamless document with all the needed information and biometrical data. The passport's critical information is both printed on the data page of the passport, and stored in the chip.

<

The currently standardized biometrics used for this type of identification system are facial recognition, fingerprint recognition, and iris recognition. These were adopted after the assessment of several different kinds of biometrics, including retinal scan.

With a growing number of countries adopting digital passports, border controls had to evolve, and became "eBorders". These can read all information stored in the passport's chips using contactless technology through an RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) antenna.

Protection and security are guaranteed, and even safer than regular passports. From a long list of safety features, we highlight the following: chips are untraceable; random chip identifiers reply to each request with a different chip number, preventing the tracing of passport chips; Basic Access Control (BAC) protects the communication channel between the chip and the reader by encrypting transmitted information. Before data can be read from a chip, the reader needs to provide a key which is derived from the Machine Readable Zone: the date of birth, the date of expiry and the document number. If BAC is used, an attacker cannot (easily) eavesdrop transferred information without knowing the correct key. Other features are Passive Authentication (PA), aimed at identifying modification of passport chip data; and Active Authentication (AA), which prevents cloning of passport chips, containing a private key that cannot be read or copied, but its existence can easily be proven.

The implementation of ePassports with biometrical information is currently taking place around the world. Currently, there are over 70 states from all continents already using the system, so it is expected that ePassports will become a reality for everyone in few years.

More Articles

FeaturedArticles

  • 2013_Tokyo_Motor_Show_Toyota_iRoad_002

    Mechanics & Locomotion

    Aug 1, 2017

    FUNKY DNA

    What happens when a Prius falls in love with a Yamaha? You end up with a Toyota i-Road. It may sound like a joke, but the feeling about this vehicle is nothing like a joke.

  • Depositphotos_96954074_xl-2015

    Lifestyle & Travel

    Mar 1, 2017

    SALZBURG - BEYOND MOZART

    Salzburg, whose name literally means "salt fortress", was refunded on the 8th century by St. Rupert of Salzburg, and it's the current capital of the state of Salzburg and the fourth largest city of Austria.

  • product_playfulbase_sl

    Technology

    May 1, 2017

    DO... WHATEVER!

    So, we've seen it all! We have seen all the kind of things the eyes can see and the brain can archive as knowledge... But did we, really? Is it really possible to think there is one thing in the world that can't evolve?

    ...


  • 1

    Business & Industry

    Dec 18, 2018

    AZERBAIJAN

    The ancient, the new and the future

    "Azerbaijan is a country that impresses in many ways and is relatively unknown in Western countries. Starting from the fact that – contrary to what many think – it is not close...

  • Vinhas02

    Business & Industry

    Mar 31, 2018

    "APPLE ISLAND'S" NECTARS

    The Australian state of Tasmania became known thanks to its apples, to the point of being nicknamed "apple-island" due to the predominance of its apple trees orchards

  • african-safari-kenya

    Lifestyle & Travel

    Aug 1, 2017

    NEW FACE OF TOURISM

    Kenya has been standing out as the preferred destination for the world's multimillionaires, already being the third most popular destination for the world's elite, surpassed only by Seychelles and Mauritius. 


  • Myanmar1

    Lifestyle & Travel

    Nov 1, 2016

    THE ASIA´S PEARL

    We take you to the heart of an extraordinary country, whose people, friendly and hospitable, and led by thousands of monks, carries a simple and millennial lifestyle. From Yangon to Kalaw, from Mandalay to Ngapali, or from Bagan to...

  • Business & Industry

    Apr 1, 2015

    A Leap in urban transit

    Natural gas-fueled buses from private transport company Leap started making their way through San Francisco along the company's first route, dubbed the Lombard Express.

  • 1

    Business & Industry

    Aug 1, 2015

    Selling to Brazil?

    If your company is selling products and services to Brazil and wants to accept electronic payments, it's likely that you might need a payment gateway service. PagBrasil is a local system that lets you collect your payments in Brazilian...