Sep 1, 2016


The history of Pokémon starts in 1995, long before it was even common to have a mobile phone. The original Pokémon game was first created for Gameboy, the handheld video game device, in 1996. It is a Role Playing Game (RPG) with an element of strategy, created by Satoshi Tajiri, and the sequels, remakes, and versions that have been released since never lacked success.

The term "Pokémon", besides referring to the Pokémon franchise itself, also collectively refers to the 722 known species of the fictional creatures that were gradually introduced in the franchise, in "generations" of Pokémon. The name "Pokémon" is the contraction of the words of the Japanese version "Pocket Monsters", as the Pokémon are captured by being shrunk to fit in a special container – a "Pokéball", which in turn also shrinks from the size of a handful to that of a marble.

There are seven generations of the franchise, each one referring to a release of the game. Whenever an official sequel of the original games is released, every several years, a new generation begins, and every element of the franchise - the main games and spin-offs, the anime, manga (Japanese comics), and trading card game, is updated with the new "Pokémon" features.

The first "Pokémon" video game ever, with the first generation of "Pokémon", was "Pocket Monsters Aka" and "Midori" ("Red" and "Green", in English), released in Japan, and a version named "Pokémon Red" and "Blue" was later created to release internationally. This generation introduced the original 151 species of Pokémon creatures, and also introduced the game's basic concepts of capturing, training, battling, as well as trading "Pokémon" with both computer and human players.

Throughout the next five generations, new Pokémon were gradually introduced, totalling 722 Pokémon in the sixth generation, to collect, train, and battle, and a seventh generation is set to be released this year, on 18th November worldwide, except in Europe, where it will be released on the 23rd November. The Pokémon console games are, to this day, considered to be the "main" Pokémon games, but the franchise spans video games, trading card games, animated television shows and movies, comic books, and toys. Pokémon is the second-most lucrative and successful video game-based media franchise in the World, surpassed only by Nintendo's Mario.

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