Food & Beverage

Jan 1, 2017


It is not possible to determine neither date nor origin of this Turkish cooking delicacy. There are, however, reports from the middle East and India which register the existence of gelatinous sweets, made out of honey and fruit essences, for more than 800 years ago. Today, some of the ingredients and techniques, got replaced by modern ones.

Nowadays, the recipes practiced, replaced honey by sugar or pectine in order to give it thickness, and gelatines instead of fruit essences. But the final result is pretty much the same. It is a gelatinous semi solid delicate flavour sweet.

According to the oldest known bakery that produces this sweet (Hacı Bekir, founded in Istambul, in 1777), the current recipe was created by its founder Bekir Efendi. This master of bakkery was at the service of the imperial court and its Ottoman Sultan in particular. According to the story told by the company, the creation and establishment of the current recipe originated out of a complaint by the Sultan for having cracked a tooth while chewing a crunchy.

The episode led to the creation of this sweet, less aggressive to the teeth and more to the taste of the Sultan, and also to the recognition of Bekir Efendi as the Sultans particular confectioner.

The Turkish name "lokum" derives from the Arabic Halkum, or Al-Halkum which means "soothes the throat".

As to the designation Turkish Delight (as it is known nowadays), must had its origin in early 19th century, after a british traveller which, travelling in Turkey, surrendered to this delicacy and immediately ordered a large quantity to sell it in England.

As soon as it got ready for distribution, before the need to give it a name, which he didn't remember, he decided to refer to its original country, thus becoming known in the western world as Turkish Delight.


This gelatinous sweet is usually presented in squares, wrapped in sugar, and it can be cooked in many flavours. Most common are the fruit flavour, but it can also be produced out of plants and flowers, like roses, for instance.

Given its finishing and presentation, this sweet can cause some inconvenience when eaten. The sugar coverture falls and spreads very easily.

Once prepared, isn't it convenient to store it in damp locations. The moisture creates a crispy crust around the squares and the sugar that is sprinkled turns dry and it spreads even more easily.

Recipe and preparation (Pomegranate flavour)

– 1 + 3/4 cups of water;
– 2/3 cups of Promegranate juice;

– 2 cups of sugar;

– ½ cups of corn flour;

– ½ teaspoon cream of tartar;

– ½ cup of unsalted pistacchios and without skin;

– ½ tablespoon lemon juice;

– corn flour and sugar for dusting.

In a pan pour a cup of water, add Pomegranate juice, corn flour, cream of tartar and lemon. Mix everything together over a low heat, stirring constantly until it becomes a thick and transparent cream.
Put aside to prepare the syrup.

In another saucepan, put 3/4 cup water and 2 cups of sugar. Place a stronger fire, stirring for about 15 minutes until it reaches boiling.

Remove from heat and stir in the starting cream. Place over low heat, stirring constantly until it gets a homogeneous paste.

Next, add the pistacchios and place over a medium fire, mixing very well for about 45 to 60 minutes, until it gets consistent.

Remove from oven and spread in a well greased with oil cooking board.

When it gets cold, you can leave it outdoors from one day to the next, or put in the freezer to get cold faster.

Afterwards, cut into 3 cm square and pass them all in a bowl where you put previously powdered sugar and corn flour. It is important to involve the squares in this mixture so that the pastry won't stick to everything.

You can also use grated coconut, pistacchios, almonds or nuts in order to enrich its flavour.

More Articles


  • AdobeStock_70053652

    Food & Beverage

    Apr 1, 2017


    Breakfast benefits to health have not been consensual throughout history, and even today it is discussed what kind of food should be eaten in the morning and whether or not these should be dependent on physical or intellectual activity....

  • AdobeStock_112601508

    Research & Education

    Jun 1, 2017

    Bicycle trails that shine Bicycle trails that shine

    Until relatively recently the materials that glow in the dark had no further functions beyond decorative pleasure. But the luminescence has been conquering more utilitarian applications and today, literally, it is in the streets.


  • Yara Birkeland 2


    Jul 1, 2017


    It is planned to start activity at the end of 2018. The idea is to fulfil short distances, connecting three harbours, throughout the south of Oslo fiords, in Norway.

  • C8b--OIXgAA2KZb

    Luxury & Fashion

    Jun 1, 2017

    Recycled Plastic T-Shirts

    The production of these t-shirts, that itself can also be recycled, was planned with the aim to eliminate as much as possible the pollution caused by the use of fossil fuels and by the plastic itself since, after its use on disposable...

  • 15026-americaandrsquos-cup-2017-the-journey-to-bermuda-begins-in-portsmouth


    Jun 1, 2017


    After 35 years of the first competition in 1851, in English soil, Bermuda are the stage of the 2017 America's Cup edition. Since then, this event hasn´t ceased to gain prestige and interest worldwide. Mandatory destination for yacht...

  • 17916763_10154923732760860_1525008882_o

    Business & Industry

    Jun 1, 2017


    Nowadays, when we talk about the best there is in the world, there is no chance avoiding Portugal. It is now, the most recognized country in the world for all its wonders, secret, history and gastronomy. It shows off as the best country...

  • Smells, aromas are the essential part of our lives

    Lifestyle & Travel

    Feb 29, 2016

    The Essential Part of Life

    Smells, aromas are the essential part of our lives. A vague wave of scent by chance reaching our nose in a crowd is enough to awake a vivid picture of our childhood: Mom putting her perfume on in the morning before going out to her job…...

  • 1

    Science & Nature

    Jun 1, 2015

    Gardening exotic straight from Africa

    Exotic plants are sought by gardeners all over the planet, making them part of a global business where beauty is more important than cost. South African flora is very unique in the world. Many species of succulents only grow in South...

  • Illusions of Reality


    Dec 1, 2014

    Illusions of Reality

    Virtual Reality is something we are never sure about. Never sure how it feels, or how to imagine it. Strangely enough, virtual reality is very hard to picture. The concept, although not by this name (or any other, until 1987), goes back...