Mar 1, 2017


One could imagine rugby is too much of a physical game, for disabled people to practice. Well, it's the same for kids, and they love it. Disabled people are not flowers and, with the right posture facing life, they can be perfectly fitted people to practice any sport in the world. And rugby is not an exception.


Ok. It can look dangerous, it can look damaging, it can even look fit for crazy people. But let's ask: how can one tell a disabled person they can't do something, due to the incapability? And another question: is it fair to place such a question?

Rugby is not an exclusive sport for non-disabled athletes. It is a robust game, very physical, with very clear rules, for male and female wheelchair users. And some formats of the game require that all players are quadriplegic, while other formats call for impairment of at least three limbs.

To each individual players is assigned a classification, reflecting the impairment degree of the player. The teams have a point limit, which means they have to be composed up with players with a variety of classifications in order to qualify for a match.

Originally, the game was known as murderball, or quad rugby, in the United States. Wheelchair rugby includes many able-bodied rugby aspects, and also elements of basketball and handball; sports in which men and women use manual wheelchairs, played in a hardwood court, and they can compete together in the same team.

The aim of the players is to carry the ball across the line of their opponents. Don't be mistaken: when necessary, using brute force! Physical contact between players, however, is not allowed. Instead, the players use their wheelchairs to block opposing players. Once again: you will find your perception of disabled people challenged, as this is a rough and tough sport, and there is no time for playing it gently.

For starters, the sport can be played in a regular wheelchair, but as you look at any pictures or catalogues for special wheelchairs, you will find they are very different. Professional wheelchairs are lightweight, easier to manoeuvre and much quicker. Also, the back wheels are open wide for a better grip and stability on the hardwood floor.

The ball is similar to a volleyball, even though there are cases in which the ball is pretty much as any other rugby ball. It all depends on the level of the players. The court is a regular basketball court. Hardwood surface, with sidelines, baselines, mid-court line, a centre circle and two goal areas clearly marked.

The teams are made up of four players, but they can be composed up to 12 players. The matches are played in four quarters, eight minutes each, with a two to five minutes break between them.

The goals are scored each time an athlete has a firm control of the ball and crosses the goal line with two of the four wheels.

Contact between the wheelchairs is a key part of the game. Hitting an opposing chair behind its rear wheels, however, can cause it to rotate, and that a penalty. As it is direct physical contact with an opposing player. These penalties can cause a one-minute penalty or even disqualification of the match.

And there are limits to the time a single athlete can hold on to a ball: 10 seconds, after which, the referee will hand possession to the other team. Once the ball gained, the team has 40 seconds to score a goal.

The teams can call for 30 seconds time outs, and the managers, can call for one-minute time outs.

If there is a tie at the end of the four periods, an extra three minutes overtime is played. And overtime periods will be played, again with two to five minutes break, until one team wins.

Wheelchair rugby was invented in Canada in 1977, as a way of getting quadriplegic athletes involved in sport. From Canada, it spread to the United States and it is now a Paralympic sport, played in 26 countries.

More Articles


  • 1

    Culture & Art

    Oct 12, 2018


    No matter the age or generation, it's a fact that we all know the stuffed puppets that gained life and filled the imagination of its fans. Fun, different and even a little inconvenient, these animated puppets are one of the most recognized...


    Helthcare & Wellness

    Aug 1, 2017


    It is pure common sense that a good and restful sleep is fundamental for the wellbeing of both mind and body. Sleep monitoring is thus fundamental to prevent negative disruptions.

  • Depositphotos_87744168_xl-2015

    Business & Industry

    May 26, 2018


    Even though under different shapes and materials, money is in Mankind's History for the last 3000 years. One unavoidable reality for a consumption society we see is gaining speed each and every day

  • 1

    Business & Industry

    Dec 18, 2018


    The ancient, the new and the future

    "Azerbaijan is a country that impresses in many ways and is relatively unknown in Western countries. Starting from the fact that – contrary to what many think – it is not close...

  • 1. Technology-Remarkable-Your Paper, Digital


    Feb 1, 2018


    We all got used to, since school and university age, take notes on paper. Whether in conferences, business meetings or workshops, it was almost ubiquitous the use of notes books in several shapes and formats, since the pocket ones...

  • nokia-3310-comparaison


    Jun 1, 2017


    If any phone can sell itself on nostalgia alone, that phone is the Nokia 3310. It's one of the most popular mobiles of all time, remembered for its near-indestructible build, long-lasting battery and legendary Snake (well, Snake II...

  • 1

    Food & Beverage

    Oct 31, 2015

    Sweet fruity jams

    In 1998 the company started their own production, purchasing and modernizing the former Vegetable and Fruit Unit from Aiud (Alba County) and in 2002 took the responsibility to lead away Arovit brand, with the acquisition of the factory...

  • The Colours in Life

    Business & Industry

    Feb 29, 2016

    The Colours in Life

    Nowadays, almost every object is coloured in some way. Most of the times we don't even remember to wonder how some objects got their colours. This is where Ferro comes in, with their expertise in colouring the world. The company is a...

  • 02

    Lifestyle & Travel

    Feb 1, 2017


    In the month in which it is celebrated "Valentine's Day" or "Lover´s Day", as it is also known the 14th of February, we reflect on how people today relate and know each other. Far goes the time of dating to the window,...