Mechanics & Locomotion

Dec 1, 2016


Elon Musks original idea (first presented in 2013, by the boss of the American technology company, Tesla), which sounded like a futuristic unachievable vision, is taking form on the dry landscapes of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, along with the propulsion tests, which are occurring in the Nevada desert, in the United States of America (EUA). The original idea is a mix of science fiction and applied physics.

The presentation movie shows a business man in Abu Dhabi and who, within an hour, must travel 99 miles (160 kilometres) to the city of Dubai, United Arab Emirates, to attend his mother's birthday: he goes out, takes a long time on traffic to cover a short distance, and, afterwards, already on Hyperloop, he runs the all 99 miles in less than 12 minutes!

Sounds surreal? Well, believe it, it's closer to reality than you can imagine. We've seen this already in science fiction movies. Outside the worlds orbit, where there is nothing which we chose to call vacuum, a small propulsion can catapult an astronaut for tens of thousand miles away.

That is precisely what Tesla and Space X's boss aims with this project. It's all about a capsule transportation system, for passengers and cargo. These capsules will move inside leak proof metal tubes, with controlled and particularly low pressure.

One part of this innovative concept is based on high speed Japanese trains, in which the train carriage is suspended to avoid contact with the tracks, thus reducing the friction levels and increasing speed. With the difference that in these trains, the cars are suspended by magnetic levitation, then using the magnetic system polarization for the propulsion; while in this project, the capsules will float with the help of an "air mattress": a constant pressurized jet which will make the capsule float, while the powerful electric engines propel the capsule through the low-pressure metal tubes.

The tests done meanwhile in the Nevada desert, in the EUA, reveal some fabulous numbers. The transport capsules will be able to go from zero to 100 km/h in just 1,1 seconds, and they'll be able to achieve top speed of 1220 km7h, much higher than the most of the regular passenger's aircrafts.

Shervin Pishevar, founder of Hyperloop One, as recently revealed that this transport system will be a reality in 2020, in more than one single place in the world, and also that the prototype tests at natural scale will occur during 2017, on the same track which welcomes the propulsion tests, in the Nevada desert.

The original idea would be to maintain the tubes in a total vacuum condition in order to eliminate all air resistance thus achieving higher speed. However, this was set aside, as it would import great difficulty regulating the vacuum chamber and any air invasion could be fatal to the all system.

This transport doesn't require any kind of driver, as the capsules will be operated by the complex air pressure control system, accelerating or braking as the pressure increases or decreases inside the tubes.

This does not intend to be a subway alternative system, for the tubes are above the surface and not under the ground. And also, because the Hyperloop is more focused to travel high distances in a short period, and not that much into small connections within the cities. Power supply for all the electric parts of the system is done using solar panels installed closed to the metal tubes.

According with the actual development companies of the Hyperloop, the medium cost of a single trip within this system will be around 20 to 30 dollars (20 to 30 euros) for passenger transportation. Rather less pleasant is the amount estimated for the all installation of the system. The first proposed course for the construction of Hyperloop was meant to connect Los Angeles to San Francisco, EUA, with a full length of 600 kilometres and has an estimated cost of 7,5 billion dollars (seven billion euros), considering the possibility to transport vehicles too. This would get short to six billion dollars (5,6 billion euros), in case the alternative to carry only passengers is considered.

More Articles


  • Depositphotos_87744168_xl-2015

    Business & Industry

    May 26, 2018


    Even though under different shapes and materials, money is in Mankind's History for the last 3000 years. One unavoidable reality for a consumption society we see is gaining speed each and every day

  • MokshJewellery002.jpg__1536x0_q75_crop-scale_subsampling-2_upscale-false

    Luxury & Fashion

    Apr 1, 2017


    Is there any other nation that would so much love adorning their women as peoples of India? From the top of the head, nostrils, forearms, waist, to the toe tips, in an Indian woman's arsenal there are pieces of sophisticated jewellery...

  • food_salad_pexels

    Food & Beverage

    Apr 27, 2018


    The new food trend has come to stay. Coloured bowls, edible flowers and healthy plants are the choices for this year!

  • AdobeStock_112601508

    Research & Education

    Jun 1, 2017

    Bicycle trails that shine Bicycle trails that shine

    Until relatively recently the materials that glow in the dark had no further functions beyond decorative pleasure. But the luminescence has been conquering more utilitarian applications and today, literally, it is in the streets.


  • filigree - the art of working metals (gold, silver, bronze), one of the most traditional Portuguese arts.

    Luxury & Fashion

    Feb 29, 2016

    One day we will go to Viana

    Country of ancient traditions in the art of jewelry, Portugal has a rich heritage of jewelry and precious metals timeless beauty from the Age of Discovery, particularly from the East, in the century XV and Brazil in the XVIII century....

  • 17916763_10154923732760860_1525008882_o

    Business & Industry

    Jun 1, 2017


    Nowadays, when we talk about the best there is in the world, there is no chance avoiding Portugal. It is now, the most recognized country in the world for all its wonders, secret, history and gastronomy. It shows off as the best country...

  • Le-Morne--1024x679

    Lifestyle & Travel

    Apr 1, 2016

    A History to Be Felt

    Mauritius is a country that includes the Island of Mauritius, the Island Rodrigues, and the outer islands, Agalega, St. Brandon and two disputed territories. Focusing on the Island of Mauritius, it leaves anyone agape upon seeing the...

  • Science & Nature

    Apr 1, 2015

    Swiss Special

    In 1959, David Mosimann, an inventive precision mechanic with a very entrepreneurial mindset, decided to set up his own business by founding Bien-Air. The company expanded continually and in 2001 it created two spin-off companies, Bien-Air...

  • Elodie


    Aug 1, 2016


    Portuguese poet Fernando Pessoa, says in his work "Mensagem" ("Message"), that "God wishes, man dreams, the work is born". Since the late 1990's, due to natural language barriers, Japanese tourists have pursued the dream of understanding...