Luxury & Fashion
Mar 1, 2015
Go For the Extremes
Vostok Europe is a Lithuanian brand of watches which was established in 2003, and debuted its first line of timepieces in 2004. Aimed at the Western European market, these watches are assembled by the KoLiz-Vostok company of Vilnius.
In August of 2003 an agreement was reached between the Vilnius Koliz company and the Chystopol Watch Factory Vostok on the establishment of the joint company Koliz Vostok. The goal of the new company was the creation of a new watch series that would have both the modern design and quality. Thus, the new watch brand Vostok-Europe was created.
In April 2004 the first Vostok-Europe watch series was presented in the BaselWorld exhibition. The collection consisted of 5 models including the model "K3 Submarine" that became the first Vostok-Europe bestseller. The watch names were devoted to the most significant achievements of Soviet science and technology and were united by slogan "Soviet Techno Design".
During May of 2004 the production of the movements 2426 and 2432 developed exclusively for Vostok-Europe began. The production line was developed by Runim Co.- a part of the Chystopol Watch Factory Vostok.
The first Vostok Europe watches had Russian Vostok movements. Later, the company started using Japanese-made movements. The company's Lunokhod-2 model was launched at 2012's BaselWorld trade show with a movement made by Switzerland's Soprod company which is part of the Festina Group. That model, a limited edition of 3,000, also had vertically mounted Swiss tritium tubes marking the hours and an automatic helium release valve, to equalize the pressure inside and outside of the watch after dives. Because of their materials and finish, Vostok Europe watches usually cost more at retail in Western Europe and the U.S. than do Vostok watches made in Chistopol, which less closely reflect European and US watch design trends. In 2014, Vostok Europe was the first company to produce a watch utilizing the new column-wheel NE88 movement by Seiko Instruments, as an alternative to the widely used Valjoux 7750.
Expedition North Pole-1 (Ceверный полюс-1) was the first Soviet manned drifting station used for scientific hydrological and geographical research of polar area. The North Pole-1 polar station was opened on June 6, 1937 some 20 kilometers from the North Pole and operated for 9 months, during which the ice floe traveled 2,850 kilometers. The expedition ended 75 years ago - on February 19, 1938 the Soviet ice breakers took four polar explorers , hydrobiologist Piotr Shirshov, geophysicist Yevgeny Fiodorov, radioman Ernst Krenlek and the leader Ivan Papaninov, from the station close to the eastern coast of Greenland.
The world's fastest submarine, the Russian k-162 "Anchar", reached a world record speed of 44,7 knots (82.8 km/h) during test trials in the 1970s. Built to be a super - fast attack sub, the titanium hulled Anchar carried the Nato distinction of "Papa" class. Regarded as the predecessan to the more widely known "Alpha" class, the Anchar served the Russian navy at the height of the Cold War and holds speed records thrvough to today.
Super heavy Rocket N1 was created to launch Soviet cosmonauts to the moon, to Mars and Venus and place huge space stations into orbit. It was the Soviet counterpart of the American Saturn - V. The Rocket N1 was a titanic feat of engineering consisting of 5 stages! Its first stage involved a cluster of 30 high - powered rocket engines using kerosene and liquid oxygen as fuel. However, the development of a heavy - lift launcher, needed for the lunar expedition, was plagued with political and technical problems. The N-1 Moon Rocket was replaced by the Energia Booster. The Energia Booster used modifield N-1 launch pads.
Lunokhod 2 (аппарат 8ЕЛ№204) was more advanced and the last of two unmanned lunar rovers landed on the Moon by the Soviet Union as part of the Lunokhod program. The launcher put the spacecraft into Earth parking orbit on January 8, 1973, followed by translunar injection. On January 12, 1973, Luna 21 was braked into a 90 by 100 km (approx. 56 by 62 mile) lunar orbit. The Luna 21 spacecraft landed on the Moon and deployed the second Soviet lunar rover, Lunokhod 2. The primary objectives of the mission were to collect images of the lunar surface, examine ambient light levels to determine the feasibility of astronomical observations from the Moon, perform laser ranging experiments from Earth, observe solar X-rays, measure local magnetic fields, and study mechanical properties of the lunar surface material. The landing occurred on January 15, 1973 at 23:35 UT in Le Monnier crater at 25.85 degrees N, 30.45 degrees E.