Здоровье и благополучие
ноя 5, 2018
"Such as in Star Wars movies, the bionic prostheses have a robotic aspect and with silicone covers identical to reality, they seem to be real. Through the movement reading sensors, these prostheses allow various activities that's why they are an excellent tool for people with motor restrictions."
The history of human's prosthetics remotes to 3000 years ago. Researchers found a mummy' skeleton with a wooden prosthesis that was so well made that the foot could even bend. There are several historical data and passages in world literature that relates brave warriors with replaced members, such as Pelopes (Greek Mythology's Hero) with an ivory shoulder or the famous one-leg prosthesis found in Capua, Italy, identified in the period of 1910-1915, made in bronze and padded for the comfort of the user. Despite the various episodes, the Prosthetic of Capua is considered the "oldest prosthesis in the world". There have been several reports confirming the existence of customized prostheses in France and Switzerland since the end of the fifteenth century, which were made of wood, metal, leather and other hard materials that could be controlled by gears, cranks, springs and even cables that they could fold, like a physiological limb.
The two World Wars have increased the number of people with motor disabilities, on a proportional scale, increased the interest in the purchase and sale of artificial limbs. These "crude pieces" would gain new shape due to advances in science and technology that would give them a new and lighter form made much more comfortable materials and even similar to human members, adjusting them to the needs of each person.
Today, prosthetics looks like they came out of a Hollywood science film. Companies such as E-Nable or BeBionic are specialize in building futuristic and highly technological members, including the possibility of being controlled by nerve stimuli.
E-Nable, whose slogan "Enabling the Future" is a community of teachers, students, engineers, professional scientists, designers, philanthropists, manufacturers and all individuals who want to "give the world a helping hand". Their goal is to provide a 3D hand or arm to those who need, free of any cost. This first model was built by Ian Owen who created for Liam, a boy who was born without fingers, the first 3D prosthesis, serving as inspiration for this great project.
BeBionic is an English manufacturer of stylish, state-of-the-art, functional, multi-joint and multi-joint bionic prostheses. With a modern and comfortable design, these prostheses are intuitive and easy to use, transforming the lives of their users, making everyday tasks absolutely capable. The first version of the BeBionic artificial hand was shown to the world in 2010 at the World Congress and Orthopädie & Reha-Rechnik, Germany. After eight years of evolution and with more and more interesting design; bionic prostheses receive instructions through sensors that detect the movement of muscles in the patient's arm and, when directed to the 337 mechanical parts inserted in the hand, mimic the natural human movements such as holding glasses, tightening shoe laces or holding the steering wheel.
Over time, prostheses have been developing in the sense to become alike a natural limb. Going through raw materials or even the prostheses of the imaginary Captain Hook of Peter Pan' story, several attempts were made to make life easier for individuals with motor deficiencies or amputations. Thus, we have been witnessing a fantastic and increasingly technological development of these artificial limbs. Although with a robotic aspect its ability, to assimilate the orders given by the nervous system is, only, brilliant! And for the more discreet ones, you can always put on a custom silicone cover, identical to a natural limb. Ears, noses, arms, legs or fingers, are examples of prostheses which are available in the market. Their use allows an easy way to make simple and daily tasks like everyone.