May 1, 2016
BIOMETRIC SYSTEMS COULD SAVE LIVES
Getting a clear and right headcount of crowds is now simpler. New kinds of software have been developed that are capable of carrying out the first automated crowd count, through aerial high definition photographs analysis – a time-saving innovation that could help save lives as well as prevent disasters.
Recently, adaptive biometrics have received significant attention from the research community. The intention is to save time, thanks to their key reading advantages. With an adaptive biometric system, it is no longer needed to collect a large number of biometric samples during the enrolment process. Furthermore, it is not necessary to update or re-enrol from scratch, in order to cope with appearance changes.
More traditional means of access control include token-based identification systems, such as a driver's license or passport; and knowledge-based identification systems, such as a password or personal identification number.
Since biometric identifiers are exclusive and individual, they are more reliable in the verification of identity than token and knowledge-based methods.
In simple terms, Biometrics refers to metrics related to human characteristics. Biometrics is the method of recognizing a person based on his physiological and behavioural characteristics. Fingerprints, iris and retina recognition, face recognition and hand geometry are physiological characteristics commonly used for verification, as well as signature and voice verification, which are behavioural characteristics.
Fingerprinting or finger-scanning technology is the oldest of the biometric sciences and uses distinctive features of the fingerprint to identify or verify the identity of individuals. Finger-scanning technology is the most commonly deployed biometric technology, used in a broad range of physical and logical access.
With facial recognition technology, a digital video camera image is used to analyse facial characteristics such as the distance between eyes, mouth or nose. These measurements are stored in a database and used to compare with other subjects equally submitted to this recognition method.
Retina-scan technology makes use of the retina, which is the surface on the back of the eye that processes light entering through the pupil. Retinal Scan technology is based on the blood vessel pattern in the retina.
Having automated crowd counts could make it easier to verify, for example, identity verification at huge outdoor events. Such crowds, especially for politically-charged events, are often a source of conflict between organizers and law enforcement.
A time-saving software could also make more accurate counts and, being a crucial tool for smart management of large crowds, would also help to avoid catastrophes.
The Wimbledon Experience
The "Feel Wimbledon" wristband is a part of an innovative connected self-wearable experiment from the British car giant Jaguar. The company has been handing out biometric wristband to the crowd to monitor their heart rates. The idea is to visualise the highs and lows of the atmosphere at the tournament.
"When looking at percentage of change during exciting matches, we've seen heart rates increase by 35-50bpm, which is more exciting than being on a rollercoaster ride, from a biometric perspective," said Rana June, CEO of Lightwave, the company who designed the system and is charged with interpreting the data. Meanwhile, Lightwave has built a platform for a campaign which will process over 50 million data points per day, in order to improve the bio-analytics system.
It's important to note that Wimbledon is currently already using social media platforms to gauge excitement at the event with their activations, opinions and excitement, only measured by social listening. Jaguar have gone one step further and completely automated the experience. No doubt, biometrics allow for increased security, convenience and accountability while detecting, dissuading and deterring fraud.